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The Genoil Heavy Oil Upgrader – Modern Day Advantage

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THE GHU’S HEAVY OIL UPGRADING ADVANTAGE VS DELAYED COKING

  GHU®
(Hydrogen Addition)
Delayed Coking
(Carbon Rejection)
Residue Conversion
Up to 95%
70-85%
Temperatures
Low/Medium
High
Volume Output
100-104%
75-80%
Coke production
0%
20-25%
Desulphurization (1)
>99.5%
37%
Hydrotreating
Process includes hydrotreating
Needs further hydrotreating
Capital Cost
$ 7,000 – 12,000 per barrel
$ 8,000 – 14,000 per barrel
Equipment
Fewer Processes
More Processes
Water usage
15-20% less than Coking or Air Cooled
 
Natural gas usage
Optional or None
Yes
IRR (2)
28%
18%

GHU® HEAVY OIL UPGRADER OFFERS UNMATCHED ADVANTAGES:

  • New gas oil blending system which desulfurizes 99.5% without the need for an external source of hydrogen or natural gas. (Least expensive desulfurization technology available).
  • Dramatic Carbon Reduction.
  • Much higher liquid yields than coking processes
    • Output is 100 – 104% of liquid input volume versus approximately 80% of coking processes when hydrogen is supplied by other means than syntheses gas.
  • Increased profitability margins of $35.00 per barrel.
  • New oil gas blending technology that makes hydrogenation and hydro-processing in remote areas possible.
  • Gives refiners flexibility to process sour, acidic, heavier crude feed stocks or upgrade and recycle ATB / VTB residue back into the refinery overall process scheme producing high value product from a low value feed.
  • Produces an environmentally safe crude oil and environmentally safe transportation oil. 
  • Cost effectively eliminates the sulfur dioxide when our product is burned drastically reducing acid rain. S8 + 8 O2 → 8 SO2
  • Capability to adjust product slate to meet increasing demand for low sulphur petroleum products, including diesel and gasoline.
  • Desulfurization eliminates the most damaging impurities such as sulfur compounds which breaks-down into damaging concentrated corrodants.
  • Stability of upgraded crude produced in hydroconversion process is superior to coked products.
  • Moderate operating conditions, temperatures and pressures allowing for simple reactor design with lower CAPEX and OPEX.
  • Lower operating and capital costs per barrel investment compared to conventional hydrotreating processes.

Petoleum Demand Grows & Genoil Has The Complete Solution:

The lack of ability to find enough light oil to replace depleted light oil reserves has caused a monumental shift in the future of oil production. Combined with soaring worldwide demand, the oil world is facing an unprecedented change in production to medium and heavy crude oil. The world is beginning to run on heavier crude oils. Genoil is the solution.

2010 projected petroleum demand is 86.6 million bpd, an increase of 1.9 million bpd year-on-year, and 87.9 million bpd in 2011. It is estimated that the growth in crude supplies will continue to 95 mbpd in 2020.  The recent rebound of crude prices has generated interest in oil fields previously deemed uneconomical. It obvious that the increasing supply can only be found in non traditional sources, the most common being Arab Heavy. These supplies have not been exploited because there was no need to do so. But due to the demand that is increasing every day, the heavy oil is starting to now come online.

There are many different ways to upgrade or treat heavy oil. But no technology can match the GHU innovations. The GHU requires no outside sources of hydrogen or natural gas. Our competition does, and because of the fact that most heavy deposits are located in places where there is no supply of natural gas or hydrogen, Genoil is the only solution. The Genoil GHU does not detract from the original product. One barrel going in comes out as more than a barrel. Our process actually increases the amount of oil, and drastically decreases the carbon ratio. GHU is the leading Carbon Reduction technology in the world today.

Canadian Heavy Oil Resources:

The western Canadian Sedimentary Basin contains up to 30 billion barrels of heavy oil. Two thirds of these resources, 19 billion barrels, are located in the heavy oil reservoirs of Lloydminster. Therefore the Lloydminster area has a strategic importance for the energy secotor in Canada as heavy oil production accounts for almost 20% of the total Canadian oil production. The Lloydminster reservoirs have relatively clean fine sand unconsolidated bodies with perosities ranging from 29-35%. These relatively shallow reservoirs have API gravities ranging from 13-17 API.  See David Lifschultz Interview

The Environmental Advantage:

No technology can remove sulfur from the crude oil as economically as the GHU while at the same time drastically reducing carbon. With 99.5% desulfurization rate, the GHU achieves unparalleled sulfur removal as much as 75% less than it’s competitors cost. Since petroleum often contains sulfur compounds and high amounts of carbon, their combustion generates sulfur dioxide unless the sulfur compounds are removed before combustion. Acid rain caused by the emission of compounds of ammonium, carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur which react with the water molecules in the atmosphere to produce acids. Governments around the world are desperately looking for inexpensive ways to reduce the sulfur dioxide emitted into the atmosphere. With the growth of India & China industrialized acid rain is becoming a larger global problem. 

Worldwide Sulfur Regulatory Trends; Heading to “Zero”:

USA Sulfur Regulation:

  • Was established to prevent SOx emissions from fuel combustion.
  • On road diesel is regulated at 15 ppm sulfur.
  • Gasoline is regulated at 30 ppm.
  • Off road diesel and heating oil 15ppm by 2011.
  • USA Marine and locomotive diesel 500ppm.

European Union Sulfur Regulation:

  • Diesel 50 ppm as of 2005 (Euro IV).
  • Diesel 10 ppm by 2010 (Euro V).
  • In 2003 Germany imposed sulfur free tax incentive of .015 Euro.

Swedish Sulfur Regulation:

  • In 1990 diesel with 50 ppm was made available.
  • 1992 production of 2-5ppm diesel begins.
  • Tax incentives are offered for low sulfur diesel.
  • 2003 “zero” sulfur and low aromatic content (less than 1%) diesel fuel has been made available and branded EcoPar. Used for confined spaces and working environments that are highly polluted such as harbors, inside storage houses, in rail tunnel construction, and city centers etc.

Central & Eastern Europe:

  • By 2008 most E.U. candidates must conform to 10 ppm or less sulfur. 
  • Most have adhered to less than 50 ppm since 2005.

Pipelines must lower their sulfur specifications.

We are an all in one solution whose technology could be applied to other sour and heavy oil reservoirs around the world no matter how isolated and remote they are.  Sour and Heavy oil is currently found in:

Oil companies and governments around the world have to come to Genoil to solve their heavy oil concerns and environmental concerns. Please contact us for more information. Genoil’s GHU is the only hydrocracking technology that doesn’t require an external source of natural gas, which gives Genoil the competitive advantage anywhere in the world. FAQ’s